Reading Assignment - Class #18

Please read mitzvot #475 – 484.  Please consider the following questions:

 

Mitzvot #475, 477, 480:

 

What debts are remitted in shmittah?  What debts are not remitted in shmittah?  The author gives lots of different criteria.  See how many you can summarize. Try to give examples. Look for the following issues:

1.       What forms of debt are remitted and what forms of debt survive.

2.      The term of the loan.

3.      The borrower agrees to repay the loan despite an intervening shmittah.

4.      Whether the parties to the loan are both individuals or whether one party is an institution.

5.      Whether the borrower puts up collateral for the loan.  Consider that collateral can work several different ways.  If you can’t figure out the results, just try to list the relevant factors

 

Mitzvah #476:

            Rambam and Ramban have very different understandings the source verse for this mitzvah. Can you explain the two conflicting opinions?

 

Mitzvot #481 – 482:

 

            What obligations does a master have to an eved ivri at the end of the eved’s term of service?

 

Mitzvot #483 – 484:

 

            Read these essays carefully.  Distinguish these mitzvot, which prohibit shearing and working animals consecrated as sacrifices, from the prohibition on “me’ilah,” getting benefit from consecrated animals.  There is a lot of overlap, but the prohibitions are different from each other.

 

1.       What mitzvah was violated by someone who shears an animal consecrated as a sacrifice?  What mitzvah was violated by someone who shears an animal consecrated as a donation to the Temple?

2.      What are the consequences for someone who b’mazid shears an animal consecrated as a sacrifice?  Someone who b’shogeg shears an animal consecrated as a sacrifice?

3.      What are the consequences for someone who b’mazid gets benefit from an animal consecrated as a donation to the Temple?  Someone who b’shogeg gets benefit from an animal consecrated as a donation to the Temple?  Which of those consequences are m’akev to each other?

4.      May someone shear an animal that may or may not have been consecrated as a sacrifice?  (“safek”)

5.      How much hair removal constituted shearing?

6.      What are the implications of these mitzvot and of me’ilah when someone consecrates part of an animal?

7.      The author discusses the impact of these mitzvot and of me’ilah if the relevant animal has a mum.  The discussion is confusing.  Try to summarize the parts of the discussion you can figure out.

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